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complexity for zoo animal welfare

What We do

We are a group of individuals currently based in Japan, Canada and the United States of America who are collaborating to provide novel tools to study and understand animals in settings like zoos and sanctuaries, and in the wild. Our primary focus is on applying complex systems science to inform observation and management practices. Our collective has expertise in, among other things, behavioral monitoring and evaluation, animal health and physiology, welfare intervention design and testing, and zoo-based curation and education.

Zooentropy is the project that links all of our diverse interests into a single focus: to discover the factors that govern how animals behave through time, and how we can leverage complexity as a concept to monitor animal health and welfare, and assess the quality of our strategies aimed at promoting them.

Zooentropy received seed money from a SPIRITS program grant at Kyoto University – Supporting Program for Interaction-based Team Studies – awarded to Principal Investigator Andrew MacIntosh. We are always looking for new collaborations and opportunities to apply our framework in novel ways for the betterment of animal care and advancement of science worldwide.

Who We are

Andrew MacIntosh

Associate Professor, Kyoto University Wildlife Research Center

Behavioral ecologist knitting evolution and complexity theory for animal welfare and conservation

Kodzue Kinoshita

Assistant Professor, Kyoto University Center for Asia Africa Area Studies

Conservation physiologist studying interaction between animal reproduction and environmental change

Yumi Yamanashi

Principal Researcher,

Kyoto City Zoo

Animal welfare scientist developing scientific evaluations of welfare and putting them into practice

Chris Martin

Director of Research,

Indianapolis Zoo

Zoo researcher and animal technologist studying and developing tools for primate cognition and welfare science

Rafaela Takeshita

Assistant Professor,

Kent State University

Behavioral endocrinologist providing support for ex situ conservation and animal welfare

Rie Akami


Japan Monkey Centre

Zoo and Museum curator working toward improving animal welfare and conservation education

Misato Hayashi

Associate Professor, Chubu Gakuin University/Japan Monkey Centre

Researcher comparing cognitive development in great apes and human children

Koshiro Watanuki

Curator & Manager,

Japan Monkey Centre

Veterinarian working on developing zoo science for animal welfare and population management

Brogan Stewart

PhD Candidate,

Concordia University

Environmental scientist studying how physical impairment and environmental change affects animal behaviour

Sarah Turner

Assistant Professor,

Concordia University

Primate behavioural ecologist studying physical impairment and behavioural plasticity in the context of environmental change

Peini Chen

Undergrad Research Assistant,

Kyoto University

Undergrad student observing zoo animals, taking videos and learning about animal behavior and welfare science

Zhihong Xu

Postdoctoral Fellow,

Sun Yet Sen University

Behavioral biologist supporting methods development and maintenance for wild and captive animal study

Yuka Goto

Undergrad Research Assistant,

Kyoto University

Undergrad student observing zoo animals, taking videos and learning about animal behavior and welfare science

Melanie Duval

Master's Student,

Strasbourg University

Graduate student using complexity tools for behavior and welfare assessment

Funders and Partners

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